APLIKASI JIHAD DALAM KEHIDUPAN; KAJIAN TAFSIR MAQASIDI

Arif Budiono

Abstract


This article will discuss the Maqashidi interpretation (Tafsir Maqashidi), starting from history, understanding and its relationship with other interpretation methods, and the steps (masalik) in Maqashidi interpretation. Tafsir Maqashidi, whose term has emerged recently, has practically existed since the first phase of the interpretation of the Qur'an, namely in the era of the sahabah and tabi'in. So in practice, Maqashidi interpretation is not something new in the study of Qur'anic interpretation. Based on maslahah, Maqashidi interpretation has an important position that mediates two mainstream interpretations, namely literal (textual) interpretation and contextual interpretation. With this feature, it is hoped that Maqashidi interpretation can truly realize the main goals of Islamic teachings in general, and Islamic law in particular.

This research is a normative type with a maqashid al-shari'ah approach. The data source comes from secondary sources with primary material, namely ushul books. The results of this study provide an explanation that the interpretation of the Qur'an, as both a process and a product, cannot be separated from the goal of bringing benefit as the main goal of maqashid al-syari'ah.

Therefore, the interpretation of the maqashid shari'ah paradigm, maqashidi interpretation, is a necessity. The steps include: 1) Text and law depending on the purpose (al-Nusus wa al-Ahkâm bi Maqashidiha), 2) Gathering between Kulliyât al-'Ammah and the Special Proposal, 3) Bringing Benefits and Preventing Damage Truly (Jalb al -Mashalih wa Dar'u al-Mafasid), and 4) Considering the legal impact (I'tibar al-Maalat).

 

Kata kunci ; Al-Qur’an, jihad, tafsir maqasidi


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